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Conference Tips

What Makes the 2022 APCDA/IAEVG Conference Special?

First, this conference offers double the value for a very modest price.  Speakers come from every part of the world and the variety of topics is amazing.  You can learn about career planning from many cultural perspectives in a single event.  It offers 5 full days of content – available for 3 months post-conference. 

This conference is sponsored by two international career development associations. APCDA and IAEVG have invited experts in our field from around the world.  The first 3 days are Monday May 16, Wednesday May 18, and Friday May 20.  These 3 days include 4 simultaneous presentations each hour, 6 hours a day, so you can choose the presentations that most interest you. 

The next 2 full days are Wednesday May 25 and Thursday May 26.  These Plenary sessions include speakers selected from among the world’s experts to provide valuable updates on the best wisdom in our field.  We have 5 keynotes, speaking on diverse topics, plus three symposiums on innovative research, innovative practices, and intergenerational career planning.  We also have 2 awards ceremonies, honoring worthy professionals in our field from many countries.

Second, this conference has a compelling theme.  Embracing Lifelong Career Development is essential in a world where technology is rapidly changing the workplace and the rate of change is increasing.  Reevaluating our options as the world changes around us is essential in order to stay relevant - both for our clients and ourselves.

How Can this Conference be a Transformative Experience for You?

At virtual conferences, networking opportunities take a bit of effort, and this event has been designed to offer lots of networking options.  

The first networking events are called Conversations Matter.  One is scheduled Monday May 10 at 9am Singapore time (printable flyer, registration) and the other is schedule Wednesday May 12 at 10am Singapore time (printable flyer, registration). These pre-conference events each last 1.5 hours and you are guaranteed to get to know other conference attendees at these events.

During 5 full conference days, special topic sessions will be offered during the hour before the sessions, the lunch hour, and the hour after the sessions.  Both IAEVG and APCDA will hold committee meetings and other special topics sessions.  Committee work is a great way to make friends internationally and to produce useful tools and events for others in our field. Another type of special topics are the Discussion Sessions.  Designed around a current topic, each discussion session will use Zoom “breakout rooms” to let you discuss your ideas with small groups of other attendees, then share your ideas with the larger group if you wish. These 50-minute sessions offer time to meet others, clarify your own thinking on important topics, and get some great ideas from other attendees. 

When you find others who you want to know better, be sure to look them up under the People icon.  You can read their bios and connect with them through "chat" (email) or meet one-on-one.

There is so much more to this conference.  Please see the Conference Program Book, which lists all of the content sessions and the special events that have been planned for you.

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Conference FAQs

Please send questions about the conference to Info@AsiaPacificCDA.org.  Here are answers to the questions received so far.

What will the 2022 Conference include?

This conference will be 100% Virtual.  The registration fee includes 5 full days of content sessions plus a wide variety of networking opportunities and other fun events.  Version 3 of the Conference Program Book lists the session descriptions and presenter bios for all of these events.  The conference also offers 2 Professional Development Institutes which are not included in the conference registration fee.  These PDIs each last 3 hours, an immersive experience for those who really want to grow professionally.

Our conference website will open in mid April for you to look around.  Last year attendees really enjoyed the Hubilo conference software, so we have arranged to use it again this year.  It includes an Event Feed (post comments, photos, or questions for other attendees), a Sessions page where all presentations will appear, a Lounge where you can meet other attendees and presenters, Sponsor Booths, Contests, and many networking features. 

All simultaneous presentations will be held the week of May 16-20.  On Monday, Wednesday, and Friday there will be 6 hours of presentations each day, with an hour break for lunch.  During each hour, four different presentations will be offered, so you have plenty of choices. The second week contains only plenary sessions, so we will all be together during that week.  On May 24, we offer an optional Professional Development Institute by Riz Ibrahim, Executive Director CERIC.  May 25 and 26 will be packed with keynotes and Symposium for 6 hours on each day, with a one hour break for lunch.  On May 27, will be the second optional Professional Development Institute with Elisabeth Sanders-Park, Author, Thought Leader, Speaker, Trainer, and President of WorkNet Solutions.  We have planned many networking activities for the Virtual audience, and we hope you will take advantage of them.  There will also be fun activities, such as the Cultural Gala and the Contests.

The conference platform offers many other ways to strike up a discussion.  On the Event Feed, you can ask a question or post a comment.  People interested in connecting on that topic can click a button and get connected to you.  The Lounge will be open every conference day from 9 am to 6 pm Singapore time.  When you sit at a table, others can see that you are there and join you.  This is a great way to meet others at the conference.  If you hope to find others who have something in common with you, enter the Fun Facts Contest or the Explore Singapore Contest.  Both offer the opportunity to share something personal, and allow others to read your post, then connect with you during the conference.

How Can This Be a Singapore Conference Since It Is Virtual?

Our hosts, the People and Career Development Association (Singapore) are working with us to bring you content that is unique to Singapore and they will be hosting many of the events.

At the end of the day on May 25, we will watch a Cultural Gala performed by students of Temasek Polytechnic just for us.  Singapore is a country with many cultural backgrounds, where all cultures are celebrated and each special holiday is enjoyed by all.  The musicians and dancers will perform pieces representing their diverse backgrounds.  This will be a spectacular event that you won’t want to miss!

Several career services in Singapore are proving videos they use for their clients. We think you will enjoy seeing their approach to marketing and explaining their services.  The Interactive Virtual Tour of Enabling Village lets you see this unique place in Singapore without leaving home. We hope you will share special experiences you have had while in Singapore (either as a tourist or resident) in the Explore Singapore Contest.  

Will there be translation to languages other than English?

To honor the traditions of our friends from IAEVG, the five keynote speeches will be translated into French and Spanish.  We invite people who prefer those languages to choose them when they "join" those five sessions.

Finding Your Way to the Right Events

A Virtual conference has advantages, such as no crowded breakout rooms with standing-room only, short tea breaks every hour (long enough for a personal bio break), and no travel or hotel expenses. Every session is recorded, in case you need to watch it at a different time. 

Of course, time zones are confusing for a virtual conference that tries to serve the world.  Some presentations could be in the middle of your night.  Find the times of the events in your own time zone by using our Time Zone Schedules. All sessions will be recorded, so you can listen to recorded presentations any time up to 3 months after the conference.

What are Optional Extras?

In addition to the content that is included in the registration fee, there are 2 optional extra workshops and one interactive virtual tour.  The workshops are each 3-hour, in-depth experiences called a Professional Development Institute.  On Tuesday morning, May 24, you have the option of attending a 3-hour workshop Riz Ibrahim, Executive Director of CERIC (Canadian Education and Research Institute for Counselling), will lead the workshop, entitled Guiding Principles of Career Development: Career Work in Action, which will share the secrets of Canada’s successful career guidance system throughout the lifespan. 

Wednesday and Thursday, May 25 and 26, will be packed with keynotes, high-powered symposia, and award ceremonies. The second Professional Development Institute – this one devoted to the job search – is on Friday morning, May 27.  Ms. Elisabeth Sanders-Park will present 5 Keys to Helping People Start Careers.  This powerful workshop is design for career practitioners who help people find jobs and want to help them get their careers started right.  Each of these events cost $100 extra.

The third optional extra is an Interactive Virtual Tour of Enabling Village which uses Zoom to show you around a unique space in Singapore and answer your questions about working with people with different types of disabilities.  Enabling Village is a unique place where people with different abilities can move independently, where they can feel accepted for who they are, and be valued for their contributions. Learn about assistive technologies, social inclusivity and empowerment of people with disabilities through employment. Be inspired to deepen your human touch. Find out what you can do to create a more inclusive society, through a tour of this special village in Singapore.

If you have already registered and want to add any of these Optional Extras, email Info@AsiaPacificCDA.org.

IAEVG Symposia

We are excited to release descriptions of two additional Symposiums which are packed with experts:

Session 561:  Global Perspectives in Innovative Research Symposium Moderator: Prof. Nancy Arthur; Panelists: Prof. Gabriela Aisenson, Prof. Judith Semeijn, Dr. Hsiu-Lan (Shelley) Tien, Dr. Teresa Maria Sgaramella, and Prof Joanne Earl

Career development research informs policy and practice and there is much to be learned from innovative research conducted across diverse country contexts. This panel, comprised of researchers from different regions, will offer perspectives about research from their national settings. Join this symposium to learn more about what is new, how ideas can be applied, and ways to continue sharing global perspectives in innovative research.

Session 661: Global Perspectives in Innovative Practices Symposium Moderator:  Gudbjörg Vilhjálmsdóttir; Panelists: David Carney, Ilze Jansone, Dr. Rodolfo Ambiel, Dr. Sachin Kumar, Dr. Teresa Maria Sgaramella, Dr. Hsiu-Lan (Shelley) Tien

We are living in an era of gigantic changes in education and work. Previous methods in guidance and counseling are insufficient, as they address a more static work context. The issue of global perspectives on innovative practice can be addressed in many ways such as the point of view of the actual counselling session, research or policy. What is happening in counselling sessions, and what innovations have been put in place to improve the output of each session in the career development of groups and individuals? How have innovative practices been created and has research helped? Is policy supporting innovation in practices or is it just up to individual agents?  This symposium will give a global view on these questions on innovative practice.

A Symposium with Experts You Know

We are delighted to have our keynoter speakers from 2021 and 2016 back with us this year.  Don't miss their symposium:

Session 622: Hope-Action through Intergenerational Mentoring Symposium by Dr. Norm Amundson, Ms. Andrea Fruhling, Dr. Spencer Niles, and Ms. Jennifer Niles

Two father daughter teams (Norm Amundson / Andrea Fruhling; and Spencer Niles / Jennifer Niles) use a two-way intergenerational mentoring approach to explore the teaching and development of Hope-Action Theory and Practice. With two-way mentoring there is an opportunity for more egalitarian relationships and the support of lifelong learning. This approach to learning is particularly significant in our advanced technological society.

Musical Breaks

This year we have many 10-minute tea breaks.  I am hoping we can feature music from different countries during each break.  We can play music videos by either a currently popular or traditional band/orchestra/ensemble during the breaks.  People may come and go, but they will know when the music is playing that we are taking a break.  Please suggest some music videos and provide the links to us.  We created a Music Survey link to collect these:  https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/MYZMJD5

Latest Additions

Check out these fascinating new additions to the program:

  • 233 Preparing for AI-based Interviews using Career Construction Theory with Alan Jones
  • 303 Adaptations of Kuder Career Assessments in Asia by Mark Shin and Joyce Tham
  • 542 Application of Korean Atlas for the Corporate Population in Korea by Simon Lee
  • Moved from 221 to 113 Four-Step Career Development Model for Working with Clients with Disabilities

Find them in the latest addition of the Conference Program

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What is “Conversations Matter”?

By Sing Chee Wong, President, PCDA (Singapore)

“Conversations Matter” is a narrative/story telling technique to expand one’s repertoire of skills in career coaching/counselling. It facilitates gathering of information from clients and setting goals with them in a non-threatening way, through “conversations”. Conducting interviews in such a friendly manner relaxes the client and encourages him/her to be more forthcoming to discuss Strengths, Values, Satisfiers, and Goals.

At the “Conversations Matter” session during this Conference, there will be a simulation exercise to give hands-on experience in using this technique. Three participants in a group will share and discuss their strengths, values, and satisfiers, and identify their goals for attending this Conference. They can later meet and “check-in” during the Conference to discuss how well they are meeting their goals as well as share tips for more meaningful participation at the Conference.  Conversations Matter is scheduled twice, on May 9/10 and May 11/12. These events are free to conference attendees, but you must register for them at least 3 days before the event.

Many Career Practitioners are using this “Conversations Matter” technique in their practice. Personally, I have also found it useful and meaningful. Hence the People and Career Development Association (PCDA) Singapore, will be inviting Dr Rich Feller and his colleagues from OneLife Tool to conduct a virtual masterclass on “It’s Conversations Matter” to enable more Career Practitioners to learn and master this technique. It is scheduled in July 2022.

For more information on this masterclass, please contact pcdacop@gmail.com.

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What are Discussion Sessions?

We all know how to network in person, but how can we network virtually?  Last year we offered many software features, such as an Event Feed (Facebook-like), Contests, Meeting scheduler, and a Lounge where people could “sit” and be joined by strangers.  This year, we offer the same features, plus Discussion Sessions.  The use of these features was disappointing last year.  The graph below is based on an overall “Interaction” score (an analytic showing how much each attendee interacted with the software) to classify the 350 attendees in 2021.  Scores ranged from 0 (did not attend) to 9000 (interacted actively).  Points were awarded for actions such as Viewing a Profile (3), Participating in a Contest (5), Attending a Session (10), etc.  As you can see in the chart below, attendees made much less use of the interaction options than expected.  The first blue bar (the largest group) appears to have paid, but not attended any sessions!


This year we are trying a different approach to networking.  In our Webinars, we have found that Zoom Breakout Rooms help attendees to network and to get to know each other.  We have used them for team building, with good results.  We are offering Discussion Sessions just for networking.  Will attendees take advantage of these opportunities to meet other attendees?  If the topics are good, perhaps.  If the person leading the discussion has an attractive reputation, perhaps even better.  This is not a lecture.  We are asking Discussion Leaders to introduce themselves, explain a question, then open Breakout Rooms and send attendees into them. When the attendees return from the Breakout Room, they may want to share some ideas they heard.  This process may be repeated several times (with variations on the question).

Goals for Discussion Sessions:

  1. To facilitate networking in a virtual environment. 
  2. To help attendees to clarify their thinking and share insights about current concerns.

Guidelines

  • Discussion sessions are not recorded.  The Transcripts feature could be used for Closed Captions, but the captions will only be visible in the main room.
  • Attendees are encouraged, but not required, to turn their videos on.  People like to see who they are talking to.
  • The session lasts 50 minutes.  If attendees run out of ideas, the session might end early.  If the discussion is still active when the time runs out, attendees can move to the Lounge to continue the discussion.
  • Voluntary sharing of emails is encouraged, so attendees can follow up with each other later.
  • Eating and drinking during this session is encouraged.  Think of it as a get-together with colleagues.

We will use random assignments for the first breakout rooms, but attendees may to choose their own breakout room for subsequent breakouts.

Discussion Topics:

We are offering 13 discussions.  We believe these topics are "Hot Topics" because at least 3 presentations address each of them. 

Day

Time

Session ID

Discussion Topics

Mon May 16

1 -1:50 pm

141

How can advocacy address social and systemic barriers that impede people’s career development? With Dr. Nancy Arthur

Mon May 16

5 – 5:50 pm

181

How has the Pandemic changed jobs and the workplace? With Hector Lin

Wed May 18

9 – 9:50 am

201

How do your clients find work/life balance? with Jenn Leard

Wed May 18

1 -1:50 pm

241

In which ways have you adapted since the pandemic started? With Allan Gatenby

Wed May 18

5 – 5:50 pm

281

How have AI and other technologies changed the workplace?  What are the implications for career planning? With Hector Lin

Wed May 18

5 – 5:50 pm

282

How do you help clients identify their purpose, meaning, and motivations? with Jane Goodman

Fri May 20

9 – 9:50 am

301

What does Lifelong Career Development mean and how does it affect your work? with Jenn Leard

Fri May 20

1 -1:50 pm

341

Sustainable development is an important UN goal.  How does it affect your work? With Allan Gatenby

Fri May 20

5 – 5:50 pm

381

Which labor market trends are most important in the future? With Hector Lin

Wed May 25

9 am – 9:50 am

501

Which issues do women face in the workplace and how do you help them with these issues? with Jenn Leard

Wed May 25

1 – 1:50 pm

541

Which issues most affect older workers? With Allan Gatenby

Thu May 26

9 am – 9:50 am

601

What does Design Thinking mean and how do you use it in your work? with Bora Lee

Thu May 26

1 – 1:50 pm

641

What kinds of assessments do you use in your work?  With Vandana Gambhir

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Snapshot of Career Development Landscape in Singapore

by Hector Lin

Today, career development service is widely valued by Singaporeans. The availability of career development services has become widespread and accessible.

As a latecomer into the discipline, Singapore has accelerated the development of an ecosystem that aims to be comprehensive, inclusive and professional.

Below is a snapshot of the current career development landscape in Singapore. I would like to take this opportunity to acknowledge and celebrate those who have brought the service to this level of professionalism that it is today.

(1) Career development practices in: 

  • A. K-12 
    • Education & Career Guidance (ECG) centres set up for primary school, secondary school, junior college and polytechnic students 
  • B. Higher Education 
    • Career centres managed by private or autonomous universities, academies and schools 
  • C. Community 
    • National career centres for the general public: CareersConnect, e2i, UPME, and SGUnited Jobs and Skills Centre 
    • SG Enable for people with special needs 
  • D. Business / Industry 
    • Skills Framework (SFw) to provide key information on sector, career pathways, occupations/job roles, as well as existing and emerging skills required for the occupations/job roles. It also provides a list of training programmes for skills upgrading and mastery. 
    • National efforts were also supplemented by freelance coaches, private companies, professional associations and business federations. 

(2) Competencies that are required for career development practitioners

  • The Workforce Singapore (WSG) Career Development Framework (CDF) is a competency-based credentialing framework for career professionals. It aims to facilitate capability building and enable deeper and broader competency development among career professionals. Additionally, it allows stakeholders in the career development community to uphold professional standards and ethics amongst career professionals.
  • The CDF is developed by Workforce Singapore with input from the Ministry of Education (MOE) and the Employment and Employability Institute (e2i), who are key stakeholders in the provision of career services for students and adults respectively. It is aligned to international practices in Australia, Canada, the EU and the US, and emphasises the practice component undertaken by a career professional.

(3) Professional training programmes for career practitioners

  • Career Advisory Programme (CAP) - The CAP is an introductory programme for professionals who provide career basic education and career advisory as a secondary role in their work.
  • Career Facilitation Programme (CFP) - The CFP is a training programme for career practitioners who provide education and career advisory service as a primary role in their work. It aims to equip career practitioners with advanced education and career advisory competencies.
  • Career Supervision Programme (CSP) - The CSP is a programme to equip career development supervisors with supervisory skills so that they can supervise career practitioners and manage the quality of career services delivered.
  • Career Management Programme (CMP) - The CMP is a programme for career practitioners in the role of planning, supervising and implementing career services. Upon completion, they will be able to develop and adapt career tools to local contexts as well as promote career knowledge in various local and international platforms.

(4) Credentials available

  • Certified Career Advisor (CCA) - A CCA is able to provide basic career and training advisory (including details on government initiatives such as SkillsFuture etc.) to clients using simple profiling tools in a one-to-one or group setting.
  • Certified Career Practitioner (CCP) - A CCP is able to apply career development theories and tools to help clients make education, career and training choices through effective one-to-one and group facilitation.
  • Certified Career Clinical Supervisor (CCCS) - A CCCS is able to supervise and guide career practitioners to provide and implement effective interventions for clients on a one-to-one or group basis.
  • Certified Career Services Manager (CCSM) - A CCSM is able to plan and supervise the implementation of career services, develop and adapt career tools to local context, and promote career knowledge in various local and international platforms.

Celebrating the progress we made so far 

As a community, we have accelerated the professional development of the practice, which can only function effectively as an ecosystem. Career coaching in Singapore is made possible by many people who mostly join the profession motivated by their passion to serve.

The community consists of public and private coaches, policymakers, public officers, community collaborators and countless allies. And the community will drive continual innovation and adaptation to the evolving needs of the population.

Most of us need help and direction at some point in our careers. Whether you need to enhance your self-concept or to find a suitable job soon for physiological or aspirational reasons, collaborate with your coach.

An entire community's effort has been created to enhance your experience and exposure to an impactful career conversation. They are your partners to help you build a fulfilling, purposeful and inspirational career.

Hector Lin is Sales Director, SEA at impress.ai. He is currently serving as the Secretary-General of People & Career Development Association (PCDA) and Country Representative for Singapore in Asia-Pacific Career Development Association (APCDA).

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Singapore - Where Cultures, Religions and Passions Meet

by Sing Chee Wong

The Singapore historical records are covered in the mists of time.  In Malay history, early records called it the "island at the end of a peninsula" or “Pulau Ujong.”  Later, a town there was known as “Temasek” meaning “Sea Town.”  According to legend, the area gained a new name in the 1299 when Sang Nila Utama, an Indonesian Prince, was on a hunting trip and saw an animal he had never seen before. He founded a city where he saw the animal, naming it “The Lion City” or Singapura, meaning “simha” (lion) and “pura” (city).

Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles. Sir Raffles was employed by the Dutch East India Company, a British company, to manage an outpost on the island of Sumatra.  He was determined to destroy the Dutch mercantile monopoly in the area and open a British gateway for trade with China and Japan. The island at the end of the Malay peninsula was well positioned and in 1818 he secured the rights to set up a city and chose the name Singapore. By May 1819, the initial five-hundred villagers had grown to five-thousand merchants, soldiers, and administrators.

The Raffles Hotel is an important landmark in Singapore, although it was built in 1887 (long after his death).  The hotel represents the island’s colonial history. The main building, showcasing neo-Renaissance architecture with high ceilings and vast verandahs, was completed in 1899.  It was restored again in 2019 and now combines a fresh look with historical elegance.

For most of its history, immigration has been the major contributor to growth in Singapore. The majority of immigrants to Singapore came from three major ethnic groups: China, Malaysia/Indonesia, and India. The map to the left marks in red or blue the areas contributing the largest numbers of immigrants to Singapore.

Outside Greater China, Singapore is the only country in the world where people of Chinese descent constitute a majority of the population and are well represented in all levels of society, politically and economically.  When Singapore became a British colony, many of the first immigrants were Peranakans, or descendants of Chinese who had lived in Malaysia for several generations. Most of them were traders who could speak Chinese and Malay, though some were also English-educated and could communicate with the British. By the census of 1826, there were already more Chinese than Malays. Most of the early Chinese migrants to Singapore were males because it was not considered appropriate for Chinese women to immigrate with their husbands.  Husbands sent money home to support their family and some returned to China to retire.  Others, eventually married Malaysian women.

Singapore's infrastructure and environment might seem Western, but on closer observation, aspects of Chinese culture are found in all corners of Singapore. This includes the widespread use of different Chinese dialects, Chinese writings, press and entertainment media, a thriving Chinese pop culture, Chinese Clan associations, Chinese cultural festivals, Chinese opera, Chinese religious activities, Chinese bookshops etc.  For the tourist, Singapore’s China Town is a great place to see traditional Chinese culture and Chinese food is available everywhere.

Malaysians have always played an important role in Singapore.  The Raffles Plan of 1822 divided Singapore into different sections according to ethnic groups.  A large area which is now known as Kampong Glam was created for use by Malays and other Muslims.  Arabic traders settled there and built shops, restaurants, and mosques.  Since Singapore’s independence, Malaysians have continued to move to Singapore seeking better opportunities and Muslims currently represent 15% of the population.

Indians form the third largest ethnic group with 9% of the population.  When Singapore became a British colony, Indians mainly comprised young men who came as workers, soldiers and convicts. By the mid-20th century, a settled community had emerged, with a more balanced gender ratio and a better spread of age groups. Singapore Indians are linguistically and religiously diverse, with ethnic Tamils and Hindus forming majorities. The local Indian culture has endured and evolved over almost 200 years. By the 1990s, it had grown somewhat distinct from contemporary South Asian cultures, even as Indian elements became diffused within a broader Singaporean culture. Since then, new immigrants have increased the size and complexity of the local Indian population. Low-cost carriers, cable television and the Internet now connect the Indian Singaporean community with the culture of India and the Indian diaspora. The Indian culture is most visible in Little India, which is full of temples, restaurants and shops.

Singapore continued to develop as trading hub.  In 1924, a causeway opened the northern part to Johor Bahru, Malaysia. Singapore was attacked and occupied by the Japanese during World War II.  When the Japanese surrendered in 1945, the island returned to British control.  In 1963, Singapore joined the Federation of Malaya to form Malaysia. However, social unrest and disputes resulted in Singapore's expulsion from Malaysia. Singapore became an independent republic on 9 August 1965.

Facing severe unemployment and a housing crisis, Singapore embarked on a modernization program continuing through the 1970s that focused on establishing a manufacturing industry, developing large public housing estates, and investing heavily in public education and infrastructure. It also invested in the greening of the city, turning Singapore into a “City in a Garden.” Lee Kuan Yew served as Prime Minister of Singapore from 1959 to 1990 and provided steady guidance for growth and stability. By the 1990s, the country had become one of the world's most prosperous nations, with a highly developed free market economy, strong international trading links. It now has the highest per capita gross domestic product in Asia. It is ranked 10th by the World Bank on GNI (Gross National Income per capita) for 2019 and 9th on the UN Human Development Index for 2017.

Another landmark is the tall metal sculpture entitled “Momentum.”  It symbolizes the upward cycle of progress, the energy and momentum of the downtown district, Singapore, and its people.  Singapore’s diversity is its strength. The many communities may have their own festivities, traditions and practices, yet you’ll find Singaporeans celebrating all of these festivals as one people.

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