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Indonesia Country Information

Indonesia Representative:
William Gunawan, S.Psi., M.Min. M.Si.
Lecturer, Counselor, Trainer, Researcher
UKRIDA Psychological Service Center

October 2020 Indonesia Report

Covid19-Blessing in disguise:

  • Internet usage has increased significantly: fixed broadband has increased 28% during the pandemic
  • The digital literacy of the citizens increased significantly. Preschool kids, and older people started to use internet to communicate, to attend online school, online shopping and social media
  • Local online businesses has increased significantly, especially in domestic food, transportation sectors and social media penetration.
  • The protean career attitude has emerged in various contexts as people tried to survive. People has been learning a lot of new things though enormous free online training.
  • Government subsidized internet quota for 7.2M  lecturers, teachers, and students (worth 600 millions USD) until the end of 2020.

Awareness in Career Development:

  • Virtual career expo is more frequently held by University Career Centers.
  • Online career counselling/ coaching service has just been started by some counsellors, further TFT needed
  • UKRIDA established Center for Career Development and Assessment (CCDA) on July 2020 to promote career development research and collaboration in Indonesia

Ongoing: Declaration of Omnibus laws that stimulate protest movement from blue collar worker

Upcoming: CCDA will initiate:

  • Monthly Career Talk webinars for teachers, counsellors and coaches, started next week
  • Collaborative research projects with other researchers in career development
  • Translation of ACDA Glossary into Bahasa Indonesia
  • Trainer for Trainers for Career Counsellors and Coaches, with support from other APCDA member

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Career Counseling in Indonesia


Career Counseling in Indonesia is rooted in the movement of guidance and counseling in the mid 1950, based on the need to choose a university major after students graduate high school. In the mid 1990s the government established the service of career counseling within the schools by appointing special guidance and counseling teachers in high schoos. In 2013, along with the new curriculum, the importance of career planning has increased. At this time the government is making a new policy that emphasizes the importance of career guidance.

The State of Career Counseling

Naniek Dharmawan, Head of Musyawarah Guru BK (Guidance and Counseling Teacher Community) in Jakarta region, shared updated information about guidance and counseling in Indonesia.

In 2013, there are nearly 1100 guidance and counseling teachers in Senior High School and 1200 in junior high school. These teachers, located mostly in Java, are in both in government schools and private schools. Most of the teachers have bachelors/undergraduate degrees in an educational or psychological field, and less than 10% have a Masters or Doctorate degree. A recent survey indicates that less than 50% of Universities have their own Career Counselor or Career Center.

Challenge and Opportunity

Challenges for career counseling in Indonesia include that we are now using old and outdated resources to help students to make good career decisions. Right now, this problem is even more complex as most students have not had any work experience and have had little to no access to relevant career information. Therefore, a career intervention workshop like "Success After School" that we are conducting now is needed. A comprehensive approach that combines psychological assessment and counseling along with career information is a must. 

Another major problem is the lack of research and knowledge sharing about up-to-date theoretical frameworks and their application. The lack of availability of career counseling services is another issue. With 33 provinces along the archipelago, we still need more than 100.000 guidance and counseling teachers to fill the gap. The majority of the career counselors are located in the western part of Indonesia (Java and Sumatra islands). The rest of the country has very few career counselors. In this rapidly changing country with a population of more than 250 million, career counseling should be moving to the next level to serve not just the students, but also the workers, professionals, people with disabilities, veterans, retirees and the general community. A greater connection and knowledge sharing with experts, scholars and professionals in career counseling worldwide is needed.

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